Afghanistan is a country in Central Asia with a weak economy and a large population. The health situation in this country is very bad, there are many kinds of dangerous diseases, maternal and child mortality in this country is among the highest statistics.
Decades of war in this country caused a lot of damage, took a lot of victims, and destroyed all the infrastructure of the country.
After the end of the civil war, in 2002, a new government was formed under the name of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan. USAID, the European Commission, and the World Bank launched aid to Afghanistan, and other countries contributed to help Afghanistan. During the last two decades they spent billions of dollars, but still the situation of economy in this country and health care is not satisfactory. Despite the intervention of NATO and foreign forces that came to fight and eradicate terrorism in this country, they could not eradicate terrorism and the situation in Afghanistan was deteriorating day by day. Health care system in this country is one of the worst across the world, most people did not have access to any kind of health facilities. After introducing the basic package of health services by Ministry of Public Health, they made huge progress in delivering these services to all parts of Afghanistan, the Non-Governmental Organizations (NGOs) played the major role in this part.
In term of economy, Afghanistan made significant progress since formation of new government in 2002. But still majority of people in Afghanistan live under poverty line. Health care service is free for everyone in this country but due to lack of facilities and low budget, they cannot provide high quality health care services. In this undergraduate thesis, the health care services in Afghanistan will be thoroughly examined in terms of how they started after the reform of new government, how they financed all the expenses of health system, financial aid of USAID, European Commission and the World Bank, role of NGOs in delivering services to all parts of the country especially rural areas, and the war and its consequences and damages to the health care system.